Estimation program, Estimate, spent study, Monthy progress payment, bid, bills of quantities, filtering spent study, currencies conversion, Construction Cost Indoor pool Air Relative Humidity, Water Vapor Pressure, sensible contributions by convection, swimming pool reheating, Water Tank Open Area, Wet bulb temperature, Dry bulb temperature.
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Swimming pools

Indoor pool Air Relative Humidity, Water Vapor Pressure, sensible contributions by convection, swimming pool

Evaporation in the swimming pools in normal activity in kg/h m2

The rate of evaporation in kg/h m2 can be estimated for the swimming pool in normal activity, integrating splashing due to the bathes on the accesses of a limited zone (Smith, et al., 1993) (ASHRAE, 1995), according to the following formula:

indoor, pool, air, relative, humidity, water, vapor, steam, pressure

  • W = Rate of evaporation at the surface of the water level (kg/h m2)
  • Pw = Vapor pressure at saturation taken at the temperature of surface of water, in kPa
  • Pa = Vapor pressure at the dew point according to the temperature of the ambient air of the room, in kPa
  • V = Air velocity above at the surface of water, in m/s
  • Y = Latent heat necessary according to the change of state of the water vapor at the temperature of surface of water, in kJ/kg

Function = Pool_evap1(ts1, ts, Hr, Saw, Z)
- ts = Dry temperature in °C of the ambient air of the swimming pool
- ts1 = Temperature in °C at the water level
- Hr = relative Humidity in %
- Vit = Air velocity in m/s at the level of water
- Z = Altitude in m


Evaporation in swimming polls in kg/h m2 according to the type of activity in the covered swimming pools

For a latent heat (Y) of a value of 2330 kJ/kg and with a speed of air (V) at 0,10 m/s and while multiplying by a factor of activity (Fa) to reduce the rate of evaporation estimated according to the corresponding level of activity, the equation is reduced to the following expression:

Water Tank Open Area, sensible contributions by convection

  • W = Rate of evaporation at the surface of the water level (kg/h m2)
  • Pw = Vapor pressure at saturation taken at the temperature of surface of water, in kPa
  • Pa = Vapor pressure at the dew point according to the temperature of the ambient air of the room, in kPa
Type of swimming pools Factor of activity (Fa)
Residential swimming pools 0.5
Condominium 0.65
Thermal baths 0.65
Hotel 0.8
Public swimming pools or Schools 1
Whirlpools, spas 1.5
Wave pools, water slides 1.5 (minimum)

Evaporation at the level of water in kg/h m2
- ts = Dry temperature in °C of the ambient air of the swimming pool
- ts1 = Temperature in °C at the level of water
- Hr = Relative humidity in %
Function = Pool_evap2(ts1, ts, Hr)


Evaporation at the level of water in kg/h m2 (another formula)

Evaporation at the water level in kg/h m2

reheating of the basin, Water Vapor Pressure, Wet bulb & Dry bulb temperature

  • W = Rate of evaporation at the surface of the water level (kg/h m2)
  • We = water content of the air at the temperature of the water level (kg/kg of dry air)
  • Wa = water content of the air of the room (kg/kg of dry air)
  • V = Specific volume of the air in the room (m3/kg of dry air)
  • Vµ = Specific volume of the air at the level of water (m3/kg of dry air)

Function = Pool_evap(ts1, ts, Hr, Z)
- ts = Dry temperature in °C of the ambient air of the swimming pool
- ts1 = Temperature in °C of the water level
- Hr = Relative humidity in %
- Z = Altitude in m

For this type of formula, it is necessary in theory to add projections of water and the latent gains caused by the bathers


Sensible contributions by radiation

swimming, pool, calculation, evaporation, water, thermal, temperature, humidity

  • T water = temperature of the water of the basin
  • Ts = Ambient temperature of the swimming pool

Function = Pool_rayon(ts1, ts)
- ts = Dry temperature in °C of the ambient air of the swimming pool
- ts1 = Temperature in °C of the water level


Sensible contributions by convection


T water = temperature of the water of the pool
Ts = Ambient temperature of the swimming pool.


reheating, Water Tank Open Area, Wet bulb temperature, Dry bulb temperature

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