Active power, apparent power, reactive power, power factor, motor transmission, motor output, Mechanical energy, helicoidal fan, ventilator output, pressure loss coefficient.
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 Ventilator motor

The absorptive energy by the ventilator breaks up into:

Mechanical energy provided to the fluid

It is the communicated power to the air during of its passage through the ventilator.

This mechanical power is given by the following formula:

with:

• P = Power transmitted to the fluid by the ventilator in W (W = 0.736 Cv).
• Q = Flow in m3/s (1 CFM = 0.0004719 m3/s)
• Hm = Air pressure losses in Pa (In.wg = 248.6 Pa).

Degraded energy expressed by the output of the ventilator

It is the power measured on the coupling shaft of the ventilator.

Mechanical energy necessary to a ventilator is always higher than the energy transmitted to the fluid consequently to various frictions of the transmission systems.

With:

• Pmec = Mechanical power necessary to the ventilator.
• Pfl = Power transmitted to the fluid.
• R = Mechanical output of the ventilator.

The generally allowed outputs are:

 Ventilator type Outputs - Centrifugal fan with paddles bent backwards (6 to 16 units) 80…77% - Centrifugal fan with blades bent forwards (38 to 42 units) 57…73% - Propeller fan without diffuser but with rectifier 50…88% - Propeller fan with diffuser and rectifier 60…89% - Wall ventilator 35…50%

The only types of ventilators, which are appropriate for the installations for constant pressure or variable air volume, are the centrifugal blades fans inclined backwards and the propeller fans (curved steeply sloping characteristics)

The Flow Volume cannot be reduced generally to the 1/3, seldom below 50%.

In the contrary case, it is necessary to use engines with progressive regulation, that is to say mobile blading.

Transmission output

The transmission of the energy of the engine to the ventilator is done with a certain loss, mainly in the case of a belt drive, because of the slip of the latter on the pulleys.

 Mode of drive Losses - Motor with direct drive (wheel of ventilator directly fixed on the shaft of the motor) 2 to 5 % - Drive shaft 3 to 8 % - Belt drive P moteur < 5.5 Cv (7.5 kW): 10% - Belt drive 5.5 Cv (7.5 kW) < P moteur < 8 Cv 11 kW): 8% - Belt drive 8 Cv (11 kW) < P moteur < 16 Cv (22 kW): 6% - Belt drive 16 Cv (22 kW) < P moteur < 22 Cv (30 kW): 5% - Belt drive 22 Cv (30 kW) < P moteur < 40 Cv (55 kW): 4 % - Belt drive 40 Cv (55 kW) < P moteur < 55 Cv (75 kW): 3 % - Belt drive 55 Cv (75 kW) < P moteur < 75 Cv (100 kW): 2.5%

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